History Overload In Council Grove, Kansas

We firmly believe that travel is an excellent way to continue our education in our adult years. With schooling behind us, we can still learn lots of interesting things about this big, blue marble we all call home. One of our favorite subjects is history, and Council Grove gave us plenty of it. When we discovered that this town of 2200 residents boasted 25 historic sites, we had to wonder if that was the largest per capita volume in the United States. To put it in perspective, that is one site for roughly every 88 residents. To match that amount, a city like Boston (685,000 residents in the actual city limits) would have to have about 7784 historic sites. So you can see from this illustration that Council Grove has plenty of history to explore.

We want to thank Visit Council Grove for their hospitality. Rest assured that all opinions are our own.

Council Oak was the spot that a treaty was signed to allow wagon trains to pass through the area unmolested by the local Indian tribes.


Our visit to Council Grove began with a walking tour hosted by Diane Wolfe from the local tourism bureau. A large number of the sites are located along or near Main Street, which closely follows the original Santa Fe Trail path. A short jaunt led us to the remnants of the Council Oak. This is the spot where the representatives from the Indian tribes living in the area met with U.S. ambassadors to strike an agreement over the use of the trail. With this treaty in place, it signaled business full speed ahead for wagon trains.

Statues in the downtown represent the early inhabitants of the area around Council Grove.

Honorable Mentions

Nearby we came upon two statues that commemorate important demographics from pioneer days. The Madonna of the Trail statue is one of twelve found around the United States. Each one is placed in a state where the National Old Trails Highway ran. Just across the street we found the Guardian of the Grove statue. This bronze was created in 1998, by a local artist, to pay homage to the Kanza Indian tribe. For those not familiar with Kansas history, the tribe was also called the Kaw.

A replica of yje original jail for Council Grove can be found along Main Street.

Durland Park

Heading further east, from downtown, we came to Durland Park. Here the city has assembled a variety of historical artifacts and buildings in one centralized location. (Perfect for those not wanting to do a lot of walking.) A replica of the original Calaboose (Old jail) shows how uncomfortable it would have been to be incarcerated in the mid-1800’s. We are pretty sure the hot summers and cold winters of Kansas would have been a great deterrent to repeat offenders.

Two train depots can be found in a park in downtown Council Grove, Kansas.

We Like Trains

An original “Katy” Depot (Missouri-Kansas-Texas)  sits nearby. It is one of only two that still reside on their original location in Kansas. Just a bit behind it we found the Sylvan Park Depot. It was interesting to find that a man built his own personal depot, on the railroads right-of-way. It was used by his wife and visitors to visit their ranch. It ended up being the last privately owned depot. We never even knew anyone had built their own or that the railroad would have serviced them.

A walking bridge makes crossing the Neosho River easier than it was for wagon trains in the 1800's.


Like most stops along one of the great American trails, Council Grove was serviced by a river. Fresh water was a vital commodity that travelers were always looking out for. The quietly meandering Neosho River offered a chance to refill their water barrels, before heading out on the Santa Fe Trail. These days the city has developed a beautiful park along the banks.

The Riverwalk has signage telling the location of the river crossing used in pioneer days to ford the Neosho River.

Life or Death

While the river brought life sustaining water, it also required the wagon trains to ford it to continue their journey. This portion of the Neosho River offered the best option, but it would still have been a potentially treacherous activity. Recent rains would have swollen the flow, and brought with it dangerously faster currents. It took experienced trail bosses to navigate these perils. These days the banks have been built up with flood stopping levees, but the original direction can still be seen reflected by the brick trail in the picture to the far right.

The Riverwalk in Council Grove offers visitors a relaxing stroll in a beautiful setting beside the Neosho river.

Diane informed us that our next stop was a little off of Main Street, so she felt the best path was to explore a little of the river-walk. We were more than happy to hear this, since we wanted to see more of this wonderful area. As we made our way south, we spotted a local trying his luck on the bank. I was hoping to catch a picture of him landing a catch, but my exploration partners had moved ahead without me. I hurried along and caught sight of them passing over a converted train trestle.

Bronze statues grace the landscape of the Seth Hays' House in Council Grove.

Early Settlers

While the original treaty was developed in 1825, it wasn’t until 1847 that one of Council Grove’s most notable pioneers arrived. Seth Hays (a great-grandson of Daniel Boone) came to the area with the purpose of trading with the Indian tribes. The first permanent building was constructed by him to be used as a trading post. By 1857, the population was growing, so the Council Grove Town Company was formed. Hays continued to expand his presence in Council Grove, and ended up adding the Hays House Restaurant to his collection of properties. This originally functioned as a mercantile store, restaurant, courthouse, post office, and meeting place. These days the Hays House remains the oldest continuously operated restaurant west of the Mississippi River. (You can read more about the restaurant here>)

The interior of Seth Hays' House shows the affluent furnishings of a wealthy man in the 1800's.

We had an opportunity to tour Seth Hays’ House, that was built in 1867. While he never married, he did adopt a daughter who he raised along with his slave Sarah Taylor, who went by the name Aunt Sally. After slavery was abolished, Sarah remained with Seth, and is now buried near him. The home is decorated with period pieces and presents a view of life from the late 1800’s. The lucrative businesses that Hays operated made him a man of considerable wealth, so the home was furnished quite nicely for the time.

The Last Chance Store was a final stop for wagon trains prior to the 600 mile trip to Santa Fe.

Beans, Bacon, and Whiskey

We can still remember those childhood trips when our parents would remind us it was the last stop for a while. It was a signal that all business needed to be completed, because we would be heading out on a long haul. Can you imagine this same thing occurring in the 1800’s? The Last Chance Store was erected in 1857 and served for a brief period as the final stop for supplies prior to heading across the open prairie. It was 600 miles to Santa Fe, so wagon trains needed to be stocked up for the journey. And we thought we had it rough when we had to sit still for a few hours.

A beautiful sunset over the lake near Council Grove, Kansas.

These are just a handful of the historic sites that can be found in Council Grove, Kansas, so make your own plans to visit this “jumping off point” for the Santa Fe Trail. You may be surprised what all you discover. Be sure to wrap up your visit with a side trip to one of the two lakes north of town to catch a beautiful Kansas sunset. They are hard to beat!

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10 thoughts on “History Overload In Council Grove, Kansas”

  1. Love your article! I grew up a few miles from Council Grove and have spent many hours there exploring its fascinating history.

  2. My wife spent part of her childhood in Dwight, 18 miles north of Council Grove. She also had relatives in Council Grove. We need to visit there again

  3. Thanks for coming to Historic Council Grove. The Kaw Mission Museum on the Santa Fe Trail ( a Kansas State Historic Site) is in the process of being restored and new exhibits developed. When it re-opens, I hope you can return to view it.

    Mark Brooks
    Site Administrator

  4. I am curious. Was the girl Seth Hayes adopted also the daughter of Sarah Taylor? You mention Seth Hayes never married and that Sarah Taylor stayed with him after emancipation. Yet, Sarah Taylor was referred to as “Aunt Sally”? Was she the Aunt or Mother of the adopted young girl?

    If Sarah Taylor was the Mother, but Seth Hayes was not the father, yet he adopted the girl, that means Seth Hayes was either a benevolent slaver in Kansas or a cuckold to his chosen partner.

      1. Sandra Revelle

        Good questions, Anonymous. I just visited Council Grove and discovered “Aunt Sally/ Sarah Parker. This is the info I was given:
        She came with Seth Hays as a slave and was given the choice after emancipation to stay or leave. She chose to stay. Of course, it is not known if she had family to go to or how she would have survived on her own if she left. Since she had a “good” relationship with Hays a prominent figure in town, nice accommodations in the basement of his house, steady work in the trading post, and became a respected woman in town, staying was probably the better choice.

        The child Hays adopted was not Sarah’s. She was a newborn orphaned by the father after the mother died in childbirth. Hays offered himself and Sarah as caregivers for the infant then a few years later he legally adopted the child. Her name was Kittie Hays. A book was written about this unusual arrangement.

        The extent of the relationship between Hays and Sarah can be left to speculation. They were, it appears near the same age. When Sarah became ill and passed, Hays made sure that she was buried in his plot, in the “white” section of the cemetery. A highly unusual request for the times, but I heard Hays was quite the character and usually got his way. He died a year later and is buried close by Sarah.

        I write historical fiction based on slave narrratives and am looking to find more information on this unusual relationship.

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